DBAAs can be either complete, all sources of revenue are encapsulated or limited to certain areas, which means that revenues from shipping, inheritance, air transport, etc., are taxed. India currently has DTAA with more than 80 countries, with plans to sign such contracts with more countries in the coming years. Among the countries with which it has comprehensive agreements are Australia, Canada, the United Arab Emirates, Germany, Mauritius, Singapore, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. A double taxation agreement (TD) is essentially an agreement between two countries that determines which country has the right to tax you in certain situations. The aim is to avoid double taxation. Purchasing Contract – When nationals or residents of a third country attempt to obtain benefits from the dual tax evasion agreement (DBAA) between two or more countries by presenting themselves as a company or other entity in one of the countries. This is why this concept is called “contract shopping,” which is part of the Double Tax Avoidance Agreement (DtAA) abuse cases. It is very important to discuss between the two countries whether the agreement should become a comprehensive agreement or a specific agreement. Section 90 applies to cases where India has a bilateral agreement with another nation. These are “foreign agreements or certain areas,” while Section 90A includes “The adoption by the central government of agreements between certain associations to facilitate double taxation.” Section 91 applies to cases where India does not have a bilateral agreement, but a unilateral agreement. It outlines how to benefit from tax relief when “countries with which there is no agreement” can be used. If you are travelling abroad with a posting, you should also review the corresponding double taxation agreement to see if it can provide tax benefits. For example, in the case of a dual tax evasion agreement (DBAA) between India and Singapore, the benefit limitation (THE LOB clause) requires that the investor invested in India have spent at least 2 Lake Singapore dollar over a 12-month period, prior to that investment in India.